Overview of Weightlifting
Weightlifting has a recorded history of thousands of years. In ancient times, human had already used heavy objects such as stones, woods, sandbags, iron, etc to develop strength and to determine who was the strongest person. In the first Olympic Games held in Athens of Greece in 1896, weightlifting had already been one of the sporting events. There was no bodyweight categorization and there were one-hand lifts as well as two-hand lifts. Until the late 1980s, women's weightlifting championships appeared. Women's weightlifting made its Olympic debut in Sydney in 2000.
Modern weightlifting has two lifts, the Snatch and the Clean and Jerk. Competitions are organized by different bodyweight categories for men and women. Both lifts have the same purpose that athletes must lift the barbell overhead from the ground. Weightlifting requires not only strength and explosive power but also technique. It requires muscle strength, whole body coordination, joints flexibility and concentration. One with proper weightlifting technique can lift easier and even heavier than a much stronger one who lacks the technique.
Weightlifting is often regarded as dangerous but this is not true. It is even safer than other popular sports such as soccer, basketball, etc. With proper and progressive training, weightlifting is not only safe but also increases muscle strength and bone density, enhances whole body coordination and joints flexibility, improves cardiovascular and pulmonary endurance, develops concentration. For many other sports, weightlifting is also a training method to improve athletes' performance.
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2018 Reykjavík International Games (2018.01.25 - 02.04) ISL
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